BIO306 Genetics: Lab#1 Assignment (5 points)

Visit the following link:

Be sure that the pull-down menu next to “Search” is on “Gene”.

Then type in “Drosophila melanogaster *****” where ***** is the name of the gene that you are working with and hit “Go”.

(You will do this process for each of your two genes).

NOTE: If you have the Bar mutation, type in BarH1.

You will retrieve the most relevant links that match your query.

Scroll through the list and look for the one that has the same symbol as your gene mutation (as written on your fly vial or found in the fly manual). Be sure that this hit also has Drosophila melanogaster listed.

For example, this is NOT correct for the white gene because it has the wrong gene symbol:

and this is not correct because it isn’t from Drosophila melanogaster (it is from Homo sapiens and it has the wrong gene symbol):

Once you have found the correct gene and organism, click on the blue gene symbol and you will be sent to another page containing information about your gene. Scroll to the bottom and look for a region of the page that resembles the following:

Picture 2

Go to the section entitled “NCBI Reference Sequences (RefSeq)” and click on the first accession number (an “NM” number) that immediately follows the words “mRNA and Protein(s)” (highlighted in red in the example above). [NOTE: you may wish to right click (control + click on Mac) on the NM link and open the linked file in a new tab or window, because you will need to come back to the NCBI Gene page later.] This link will take you to yet another page that contains information about the gene sequence, including publications regarding the original sequencers of the gene, other features of the gene that we will not deal with at this time, possibly a protein translation of the gene using single letter amino acid abbreviations (in capital letters), and a nucleic acid sequence in small letters (acgt). Near the top left corner, there is a link entitled "FASTA" (see red arrow in picture below). This link will display the nucleotide sequence in FASTA format, a commonly-used format for storing DNA and amino acid sequence data.

Below is an example of a FASTA-formatted sequence. Use the FASTA-formatted version of both of your gene sequences for the assignment.

The assignment will be graded by a computer program; therefore, your assignment must follow the formatting guidelines exactly. Failure to format your assignment properly will result in a grade of zero for the assignment. Deposit your completed, properly-formatted file into the appropriate dropbox on D2L.

Now, go back to the NCBI Gene page and retrieve the amino acid sequences for your two genes (the NP link next to the NM link that you used previously; see purple-highlighted link in the picture below). Copy the amino acid sequences into a text file (or a Microsoft Word document would be fine for this part), as you will need them for the BLAST assignment in a few weeks. Do not turn in the amino acid sequences for the current assignment!

SAVE A COPY OF YOUR NUCLEIC ACID AND AMINO ACID SEQUENCE FILES, as you will need these sequences later in the semester!